Varicose Veins: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Varicose veins that appear on the ankles and legs are twisted and enlarged veins that appear near the skin’s surface. They are usually caused be weakened valves and vein walls. When the valves fail to function properly, blood cannot flow well from the legs to the head; it may leak or flow backwards. This blood, is thus collected in the veins causing them to swell and enlarge. Anything that affects Vein Health should not be taken lightly.

Whatever activity that causes pressure on the leg veins may lead to varicose veins. People who work for long on their feet or are overweight are at a higher risk of suffering from varicose veins. Sometimes varicose veins are genetic and so you may find that because someone in your family had varicose veins, you too have them.

Pregnant women can also experience this problem. The reason for this is that there is a lot of blood being circulated for both the mother and the unborn baby making the veins to bulge. The good thing is that within three months of giving birth, this condition will disappear

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Symptoms of varicose veins

It is important to note that the symptoms are not apparent in everybody. Some people may experience mild symptoms and others serious symptoms. Some of the indicators that one has varicose veins include:

Swollen feet and ankles

Itchy veins

Aches, tiredness, burning or pain in the legs(one may find that it gets worse when they stand for long)
Skin inflammation

Skin color changes

Dry and thinned skin

Open sores

Treatment of varicose veins

In most cases, they do not pose a health risk but in some cases it may indicate that there are more serious vein problems like blockage of the deeper veins. It is important that anyone with symptoms of varicose veins gets a diagnosis to establish how serious the condition is.

To treat this condition, you may have to do a lot of exercises, elevate your legs, wear compression stockings and avoid sitting or standing for a prolonged period. When you visit the doctor, he may recommend other forms of treatment.

sclerotherapy is one of the modes of treatment. It involves injecting a special chemical into the varicose vein. When this happens, the vein is closed because the scar and inside lining of the vein is damaged. ultrasound guided sclerotherapy takes between 5 to 30 minutes but this depends on the number of varicose veins. After the treatment one can go back to their normal activities but it is good to avoid doing strenuous exercise for at least two days.

Though the varicose veins may not indicate a serious problem, it is better if they are treated. You find that most people hide their legs due to this problem. This should not be the case if you get a dermatologist offering facilities for sclerotherapy in Melbourne.

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